Corner Brook
City of Corner Brook
5 Park Street P. O. Box 1080
Corner Brook, NL Canada A2H 6E1
T:(709) 637-1666
Population, 2016 19,806 [1]
Population, 2011 19,886 [1]
Population, 2006 20,083 [2]
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.4 [1]
Total private dwellings 9,395 [1]
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents 8,764 [1]
Population density per square kilometre 133.6 [1]
Land area in square kilometres 148.26 [1]
Visible Minority (%) 1.4 [1]
Homeownership Rate 62.7 [1]
Median value of dwellings ($) 219,551 [1]
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($) 763 [1]
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,835 [1]
Participation rate 56.6 [1]
Employment rate 49.1 [1]
Housing Starts, 2017 39 [3]
Corner Brook is located on the western shores of Newfoundland about 35 km along the Humber Arm of the Bay of Islands of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Incorporated as a City in 1956, Corner Brook is now the third largest city in Newfoundland and the largest centre on the west coast with a population of 20,000 and serves an additional 20,000 from surrounding areas [4]. By road Corner Brook is 358 km east of Gander and 689 km east of St. John’s. The city is also located 468 km south of Saint Anthony.
Today Corner Brook has three post secondary educational centres including Academy Canada, Western branch of Memorial University, and Collage of the North Atlantic. The Western Memorial Regional hospital is also located in Corner Brook. Important to the Cities early economic activity was forestry, fishing, and agriculture [4].
The largest asset to the community is the deepwater port that is active year round [5]. The port is well sheltered by the Blomidon Mountains which allows it to berth large container ships, cruise ships, paper carriers, oil tankers, coast guard ships, barges and fishing vessels [5]. In 2004 Transport Canada disinvested the port to the Corner Brook Port Corporation which was created in 2001 [5]. The Corner Brook Port Corporation is community owned and operated. The port acted as the island port of call from 2010-2014 for the Labrador Ferry Sir Robert Bond which sailed from Blanc Sablon, Quebec [5]. The port is connected to the Trans-Canada Highway. Corner Brook is between two airports Stephenville airport (80 km) to the southwest and Deer Lake airport (50 km) to the northeast [5,6,7].
The city of Corner Brook celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2016 [8]. The city incorporated in 1956 through an amalgamation of four separate communities; Corner Brook East, Corner Brook West, Townsite, and Curling [4]. Curling was settled in the 1860’s under the name Birch Cove and was the headquarters of the church of England for the Bay of Islands. In the 1860’s fishing and subsistence farming were the main economic drivers in the region [8]. From 1923 to 1925 the Newfoundland Power and Paper Company constructed a company owned and planed Townsite to support the pulp and paper mill [4]. The company also created a power plant by Deer Lake. In 1938 the mill was sold to Bowater Lloyd which operated it until 1984 when it was sold to Kruger Inc. Today the pulp and paper mill is responsible for about 1.5 million ha of forested lands in Newfoundland [9]. Post 1949 a gypsum plant, construction company, a cement plant, and three fish plants were built [4].
Within the Corner Brook Economic section (section 8) of the Future Corner Brook Integrated Municipal Sustainability Plan 2012 the City recognizes the connection and importance of the Corner Brook Port Authority [10a pg 194]. The plan suggest partnership when the goals are aligned and have the potential to improve the communities economic activity [10a].
Corner Brook receives an annual average precipitation of 1285.8mm which consists of 401.3cm of snow and 884.5mm of rain [11]. Peak snowfall and rainfall are in January and August respectively. The annual average maximum and minimum temperatures are 9.0oC and 1.3oC respectively. July is the warmest month with an average daily maximum of 22oC and February is the coldest month with an average daily minimum of -10.6oC [11].

Dr. Leith Deacon PhD